Ekowisata Subak Angga Baya

Balinese agriculture has been sustained for centuries by a traditional irrigation system called Subak Anggabaya. This system is a form of cooperative management of water resources that emphasizes the harmony between humans, nature, and the spiritual world. The Subak Anggabaya system is based on the concept of Tri Hita Karana, which is a Balinese philosophy that recognizes the interconnectedness between humans, nature, and the spiritual world. This philosophy has guided the Balinese people in managing their natural resources, including water, to ensure sustainable agriculture.

The Subak Anggabaya system operates through a complex network of canals, dams, and rice paddies that distribute water to farmers. It is managed by a committee of farmers who make decisions about water allocation, planting schedules, and other important agricultural practices. This system ensures that water is distributed equitably among farmers, regardless of the size of their landholdings. It also promotes cooperation among farmers, as they work together to manage water resources and share knowledge and expertise.

The Subak Anggabaya system is not only sustainable but also resilient. It has withstood the test of time and has adapted to changes in the environment, including droughts and floods. The system's resilience can be attributed to the community's strong social organization, which allows for collective decision-making and the sharing of resources. In times of crisis, such as natural disasters or economic hardships, the community comes together to support each other.

The Subak Anggabaya system has also contributed to the preservation of Bali's cultural heritage. It is an integral part of Balinese culture and has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage site. The system's success has also inspired other countries to adopt similar cooperative management practices.

Despite its success, the Subak Anggabaya system faces challenges. One of the main challenges is the threat of urbanization and the conversion of agricultural land to residential or commercial use. This puts pressure on the water resources that support the Subak Anggabaya system. In response, the Balinese government has implemented policies to protect agricultural land and promote sustainable land use practices.

Another challenge is climate change, which has led to changes in rainfall patterns and increased the frequency of extreme weather events. The Subak Anggabaya system has responded to these challenges by adopting new techniques, such as water harvesting and drip irrigation. These techniques help farmers conserve water and adapt to changing weather patterns.

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